Glossary of Terms



The area of the body that lies between the chest and the pelvis.

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC)

Also known as absolute granulocyte or AGC. Total count of the neutrophils in the blood, which provides an indication of a person’s ability to fight infection. To calculate the ANC, add the percentages of seg neutrophils and band neutrophils, divide by 100, and multiply by the total white blood count.


Occurring over a short period of time.

Adjuvant chemotherapy

Chemotherapy given with surgery or radiation.


Surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands.

Alkylating agents

A family of anticancer drugs that work by interfering with the DNA of a cell to prevent normal division.